The temporomandibular joint functions like a sliding hinge to connect your jawbone to your skull. One joint exists on both sides of a jaw. TMJ disorders, which are a temporomandibular disorder, also called TMD, cause pain in your jaw joint and the muscles controlling jaw movement.
The precise reasons causing TMJ disorders are often difficult to determine. The pain you experience could result from various factors like genetics, jaw injury, arthritis, and other problems. You may have jaw pain and may also be affected by teeth grinding and clenching, although many people suffering similar problems may never develop TMJ disorders.
In many cases, the pain and discomfort associated with TMJ disorders are temporary and are relieved by homecare and nonsurgical TMJ treatments. However, surgery is recommended as a last resort when other conservative methods are unsuccessful, as some people may benefit from surgical treatments for TMJ disorders.
The signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders are as follows:
Clicking sounds are also caused by TMJ disorders besides a grating sensation when opening your mouth to chew foods. However, if you do not suffer from any pain or restrictions moving your jaw, you may not need treatment for TMJ disorder.
If you have persistent pain or tenderness in the jaw, you must seek attention from a TMJ specialist in Maryland. The pain may restrict you from opening or closing your jaw entirely. The TMJ specialist can discuss the reasons for the problem and treatments to deal with the issue appropriately.
The temporomandibular joint has a hinge action with sliding motions. The parts of the bone interacting with the joint are covered with cartilage and separated by a tiny shock-absorbing disk to keep the movement smooth usually. You could be affected by painful TMJ disorders when the disk moves out of proper alignment or erodes, arthritis damages the joints cartilage, or a blow or impact damages the joint. However, the reasons for TMJ disorders aren’t apparent in most cases.
The TMJ specialist in Maryland will discuss your symptoms and examine your jaw while listening and feeling your jaw when opening and closing your mouth. They will observe the range of motion in your jaw and press on areas around the location to identify sites of pain and discomfort.
If the specialist suspects a problem, you may be recommended to have dental x-rays taken to examine your teeth and jaw. The specialist may also recommend CT scans and MRI scans to view detailed images of the bones involved in a joint or reveal problems with the joints disk.
The symptoms of TMJ disorders disappear without treatment in some cases. However, if your symptoms persist and are severe, the emergency dentist Rockville, MD, recommends pain relievers and anti-inflammatories purchased over the counter. If these medications aren’t useful to relieve the pain, they may prescribe potent pain relievers for a limited period. The TMJ specialist may recommend tricyclic antidepressants generally used for depression in low doses because they are useful for controlling bruxism, sleeplessness, and TMJ pain.
Muscle relaxants may be recommended for a few days to relieve pain from TMJ disorders from muscle spasms.
Nondrug therapies may also be suggested with oral splints or mouthguards, physical therapy, and counseling by the TMJ specialist. Physical therapy with exercises to stretch and strengthen your muscles has proven beneficial when treating TMJ disorders. Tutoring and counseling help you know the determinants and behaviors provoking TMJ pain, helping you avoid them.
If affected by pain in the jaw was suffering from any of the symptoms described, you must seek treatment from your dentist or TMJ specialist to relieve the discomfort. It improves your quality of life and relieves you from the persistent pain you are experiencing in the jaw.